We need to talk about anti-Semitism

We need to talk about anti-Semitism

Where’s the outrage over the ongoing assaults on Jews and their institutions?

Frank Furedi

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Topics Politics UK USA World

I felt genuinely spooked when I heard that gravestones in a 300-year-old Jewish cemetery in Rochester in Kent had been smashed just a few hours before Yom Kippur. I live close to Rochester, so I took this act of anti-Semitic vandalism a little personally. But what really spooked me was not so much the grotesque destruction of the gravestones as the way in which it was reported. Most media outlets seemed to think this act of desecration was not really big news. They didn’t give it the attention it deserved.

The low-key reporting of the incident at Rochester is similar to the media response to the attack at a synagogue in Halle in Germany earlier this month. A gunman shot and murdered two people, yet as far as the media were concerned this attack did not merit the kind of response given to school shootings or attacks on mosques. Within a few days, Halle was all but forgotten.

This media indifference to attacks on Jews can also be seen in the response to vicious assaults on Orthodox Jews in Crown Heights in New York City in recent weeks. Few media outlets are making a big story of this awful violence. It seems that for sections of the media, when Jews are attacked it isn’t so much a hate crime as an unpleasant incident, soon forgotten.

There are two reasons why anti-Semitic attacks are often reported by the media in a casual, low-key manner. The first is that in the worldview of Anglo-American identity politics, Jews are increasingly seen as the personification of white privilege. Jewishness is looked upon with suspicion by those of a ‘social justice’ persuasion. As I have argued previously, when identity politics dominates public life Jewishness will come to be regarded as a ‘spoiled identity’, as the sociologist Erving Goffman described those identities that are viewed as polluted or problematic.

Today, ‘white privilege’ is treated as a cultural crime. And Jews are often portrayed as a hyper-white community who have far more privileges to check than most others. Often, this reaction against ‘Jewish privilege’ meshes with a hostility towards Israel to produce a unique 21st-century species of anti-Semitism. This is why even though victims are celebrated these days, Jews’ historic experience of oppression, and even of the Holocaust, does not protect them from abuse or provide them with the cover of victimhood. Indeed, the Holocaust is often turned against Jews. Witness how Israel is routinely depicted as the natural heir to Nazi Germany.

Identity culture has no problem with Jews so long as they know that their place is at the bottom of the hierarchy of victimhood and if they are prepared to check their privilege. However, identitarianism has little empathy with the victims of anti-Semitic attacks. Indeed, it tends to contrast such suffering to the apparently more real, genuine suffering of more culturally affirmed identity groups.

The second reason why anti-Semitic attacks are treated indifferently is because they are often not very consistent with the broader identitarian narrative. In the social-justice worldview, anti-Semitic attacks only cause a stir if they are carried out by far-right elements – by white nationalists or Nazi-style groups. That is one reason why some in the American cultural elite are not taking the attacks on Orthodox Jews in Crown Heights very seriously. It was initially believed that the attacks were being carried out by far-right white nationalists, in which case they could have caused a discussion and provoked condemnation. But it turns out that, according to the victims, most of the assailants are young black men. And this inconvenient fact does not play well with the crusade against white privilege. So the Crown Heights incidents are filed in the ‘Let’s pretend it didn’t happen’ folder.

Strikingly, the vandalism at the Jewish Cemetery in Rochester was also immediately framed as a far-right incident. Dalia Halpern Matthews, chair of trustees at the local synagogue, blamed the incident on – you guessed it – Brexit! Among other things. She claimed the vandalism was a product of the EU referendum and the inflammatory language used by politicians during that period, which apparently has given people ‘permission to hate’. Since Jewish cemeteries are being vandalised across Europe, this casual connection between Brexit and the Rochester incident doesn’t add up.

The attempt to link an anti-Semitic act with Brexit is understandable since it is common to associate hatred for Jews with people on the right and the far right. And in some people’s (mistaken) view, Brexit is a ‘hard right’ phenomenon. The historic link between Nazism and anti-Semitic violence continues to frame how this form of racism is discussed. However, it is important to remember that, throughout history, anti-Semitism has assumed various different forms. And today’s preoccupation with Nazism is likely to obscure what is distinct about anti-Semitism in the 21st century.

In some parts of France and in areas of Eastern and Central Europe, traditional or ‘old school’ anti-Semitism retains some influence. Jews have not entirely lost their status as the stigmatised outsider; suspicion towards ‘those people’ remains an integral part of folk culture. In my experience, old-school anti-Semitism effortlessly makes its way into everyday conversation. Though quite unpleasant, it is not particularly virulent. It is casual. For some, this kind of anti-Semitism is a medium for expressing their cultural insecurity and their bitterness and frustration towards a world they don’t quite comprehend.

Matters are different in Western Europe, where hatred for Jewish people tends to be more subtly expressed. This new-school anti-Semitism sometimes draws on the conspiratorial imagination of old-school anti-Semitism. But usually, the language it uses is very different.

In Western Europe, people who have a problem with Jews, especially people on the left, rarely communicate their suspicions through the traditional vocabulary of anti-Semitism. Instead they use the language of bad faith. People express bad faith when they feel under pressure to adopt values that go against their own inclinations. So when people say things like, ‘I don’t hate the Jews, but these cliquey people are far too powerful’, they are choosing to self-censor; to disguise their true thoughts in carefully selected words.

New-school anti-Semitism invariably uses the language of anti-Zionism. Anti-Zionism is not anti-Semitism – it is perfectly legitimate to criticise Israel and to call into question every aspect of its history and its current political and military practices. The issue at stake is not Zionism, as such. The problem is that in recent years hostility towards Israel can, and often does, contain a venomous attitude to the Jews themselves. So when British Labour Party councillors post images on Facebook calling on Jews ‘to stop drinking Gaza blood’, it is pretty clear that their target is not really Zionism – it is Jewish people. Through resurrecting the infamous blood libel of medieval anti-Semites, they embrace the liturgy of the pogrom, only in more ‘acceptable’ language.

The case of the former Labour mayor of London and now ally of Jeremy Corbyn, Ken Livingstone, clearly shows how anti-Zionist rhetoric can casually mutate into hatred towards Jewish people. Livingstone tried to explain the difference between a ‘real anti-Semite’ and a ‘critic’ of Israel in the following terms: ‘A real anti-Semite doesn’t just hate the Jews of Israel – they hate their Jewish neighbour in Golders Green or in Stoke Newington.’ He is essentially saying which Jews it is okay to hate – those in Israel. This effort to distinguish between which Jews you may hate and which ones must be spared our hostility confirmed how easily a discussion of Israel can explode into animosity towards the Jewish people.

Something important has changed in attitudes towards Israel. Until recently, in their enthusiasm for letting rip at Israel some anti-Zionists inadvertently lashed out at all Jews. But broadly, their behaviour was not so much motivated by a dislike of Jews as by a hatred of Israel. That sentiment still prevails in some quarters. However, now there is a growing constituency of people who attack Israel mainly because they don’t like the Jews. In this instance, it is not anti-Zionism but plain anti-Semitism that motors their animosity towards Israel.

Of course, not all anti-Zionists are anti-Semites, but in recent times the line between the two has become blurred. In Anglo-American universities and cultural institutions in particular, the confused line between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism is nurturing new forms of prejudice.

Some might think that BDS activists and other anti-Israeli voices don’t have much influence in wider society. In reality, higher education and other related institutions play an important role in providing the intellectual and cultural resources that allow anti-Semitism to thrive. And consider the influence that BDS ideas now exercise over the Democratic Party in the US and the Labour Party in the UK.

One of the most striking things about the new anti-Semitism is that the pushback against it has been very ineffective. For example, a lot of media attention has been paid to left-wing and Labour anti-Semitism in the UK, but little clear or successful action has been taken against it. One reason for this is because the critics of anti-Semitism are actually fighting against its older, past manifestations. In their myopic focus on far-right anti-Semitism, they are fighting the wars of the past and ignoring what is new and distinctive about anti-Semitism today. The challenge we face today is very different to the one faced by those who stood up to anti-Semitism in the 1930s. Yes, far-right Jew-haters still exist, but in the Anglo-American world at least, the principal foe today is identity politics.

Frank Furedi’s How Fear Works: the Culture of Fear in the 21st Century is published by Bloomsbury Press.

Frank will be speaking in the session ‘Interrogating anti-Semitism’ with Deborah Lipstadt at the Battle of Ideas festival in London this weekend. Get tickets here.

Picture by: Getty.

To enquire about republishing spiked’s content, a right to reply or to request a correction, please contact the managing editor, Viv Regan.

Comments

John Manning

2nd November 2019 at 8:04 pm

There is a confusion in many minds about anti jewish versus anti israeli comments. This arises from misunderstanding modern Israel. Max Blumenthal’s book Goliath, goes someway to clarifying the reality of Israel.
When my Grandfather was part of the British administration of Palestine in the 1930’s the population was nearly 100 percent semitic. ie. Arab speaking people. About 6% of these were jewish. The migrations to the Palestine from the 1930’s through to today have been mostly a migration of europeans into a region prevously populated by Arabs.
It can be viewed as another european crusade to rescue the holy land from the arabs.
So when I say I am anti zionist but not anti jewish it is because I believe the ashkenazis in Israel are europeans firstly and jews secondly.

Sam Ford

1st November 2019 at 8:50 am

Such an odd mentality to see the order of anti white male today as refering to Jewish men on the pinnacle and recieving end. I’ve read this alot recently in spiked is it the reason for wishing to steer identity politics, as now it’s all about crossing over that road for other (not as the story intended despite of it today) and some groups may find this more tiresome to stand in line with than others ..I rarely see unadulterated white males representing their own today in power without the usual accoutrements of strong identity group affiliation, it wouldn’t be allowed…and when closely examined as when a spiked entourage is sent to Sweden to speak like Angus and gang a few years ago you always discover these deep links and people puppeted monitering the flow of thought Natalie Rothschild being the usual media correspondent..so perhaps this new desire to grab back control of Females agenda by men today is perverse, it worked in nation building the woman at home it was quite sexy in the 70s even, when men were but a future generation contrived of multi national men demanding their global harem rights just doesn’t do it for alot of women..sorry about that we aren’t a herd don’t need a cultural lesson esp not on elite supremacy..it’s all been passed down rather harmoniously in the past when our archetypes resembled us and gave something attractive to aspire to..that’s not going to be be the way for the kids of many interesting pairings how ever their parents carefully school them in culture, it’s always been an organic thing and that thing has been reschooled and doesn’t look or feel the same and doesn’t after a few generations fit the old mould at all and naturally looks for other identities that make it more attractive to itself and others..it’s the NWO plan..I love male white knight defender s that have been under attack.don’t quite see it the same as Frank though

Claire D

31st October 2019 at 9:00 am

(Just to confuse matters In Negative this comment is an add on to a reply of mine in moderation, so it won’t make sense until you can read my first !) I am not suggesting that you have trivialised the tombstones damage, that was a more generalised comment.

Claire D

31st October 2019 at 9:01 am

Oh flip, this was meant to be in reply to In Negative further down.

Timo van Esch

31st October 2019 at 8:22 am

How come I read almost nothing about the treatment of Palestinians as a root cause?

I do agree that the anti-Zionist and BDS movement (of which I completely agree) creates a ground of which anti-Semitism can feed itself. That is not the goal of the current criticism of Israël. And therefore we should cry out more loud against anti-Semitism.

To my opinion, one line of defence of the Jewish people, which has been used a lot over the years, is Israël. In showing the world how well they do, there is a way to “brush off” the attacks and condemn them deeply.

This line of defence has been destroyed by a Zionist government. Since 2004, when they built the wall, it has effectively become an Apartheid regime. It wasn’t proper to begin with (Palestinian Exodus), but at least there was some form of self-defence included. This has been destroyed. And therefore it becomes more difficult to defend Israël. Mind you; Israël is seen by Zionists as a Jewish state, not just a normal democracy. Therefore it reflects upon the Jewish people, not only on Israëlians.

I condemn any form of violence and especially anti-Semitism. But it is harder to condemn the assholes when part of your identity is related to Apartheid. Which it is right now. However much I believe that the people being attacked have nothing to do with the Zionist Apartheid, it reflects upon their community. Doesn’t make it right to attack them, but generates sentiment against them.

It is exactly the same with Islam: because of some stupid desert-freaks, now the whole population of Muslims is regarded as terrorists. Which -of course- is utter bullshit. But how to explain that to the people perpetrating the violence?

nick hunt

30th October 2019 at 8:56 pm

‘Where’s the outrage’? Reserved for use against the Judeo-Christian culture which oppresses the world, of course. Marx was famously outraged by Jews AKA evil capitalists from a young age, but never by anti-semitism.

mila shennsey

30th October 2019 at 5:18 pm

“Yes, far-right Jew-haters still exist, but in the Anglo-American world at least, the principal foe today is identity politics.”

As usual Spiked is apparently blissfully unaware that right wing nationalism is itself a form of identity politics.

A Marshal

30th October 2019 at 5:13 pm

there are 10 times as many Muslim voters as Jewish voters.

Jim Lawrie

30th October 2019 at 3:44 pm

Since 95% of Jews in the UK support Israel, it is easy for them to cry anti-Semitism when anyone criticises Israel. It is the same now as the cry of racism. A shut up device. It is not possible to have a state based on an ethnicity and a religion and then expect it be be taboo to criticise those features integral to that state.

I support the right of the State of Israel to defend itself.
The Palestinians hide behind children and their leaders are prepared to sacrifice the lives of their followers in the name of a photo opportunity. Anyone who criticises Israel but refuses to acknowledge these matters must accept that there is a prima facie case of anti-Semitism to be rebutted.
If the intent behind Israel raids and bombings were to kill indiscriminately, the death toll would be in the tens of thousands. Instead it is in single figures for such actions. To exaggerate the effect of Israeli actions and then put this down to a bloodlust as a peculiar characteristic of being Jewish is anti-Semitism.

In short, each uutterances has to be taken in context and on its own merits.

As for the press not giving due attention to certain incidents, welcome to the club Mr Furedi. Its membership is the many groups that the left do not care about and whom they hate.

I would not say residing 30 odd miles from an incident is living close to it.

Willie Penwright

30th October 2019 at 9:16 pm

“If the intent behind Israel raids and bombings were to kill indiscriminately, the death toll would be in the tens of thousands. Instead it is in single figures for such actions. To exaggerate the effect of Israeli actions and then put this down to a bloodlust as a peculiar characteristic of being Jewish is anti-Semitism.” The intent is to ‘cleanse’ areas of the native population for repopulation by the new settlers and this is done by killings and jailings etc in proportion to need to keep western countries on side.
There is no more blood-lust among Israelis than there was among other colonialists, such as the British in India of the Europeans in the USA. The objective is to remove the native hold on the land, peaceably if possibly, forceably if necessary. If those carrying out these atrocities do so in the name of the Jewish people, it is they who are the true enemies of that ancient cuture.

Major Bonkers

31st October 2019 at 9:34 am

I live in London, which is close to Rochester, and is also close to Israel now that I think about it.

Mentioning how close I live to these places gives my thoughts on subjects such as anti-semitism and the Palestinian – Israeli conflict added authority, I feel.

Jim Lawrie

1st November 2019 at 9:13 am

Blackheath is close to Lewisham but they are worlds apart.

Andrew Leonard

30th October 2019 at 2:38 pm

Where’s the outrage over the ongoing assaults on Jews and their institutions?

Awaiting moderation, would be my guess

Claire D

30th October 2019 at 2:27 pm

I find the insidious nature of it worrying. And the way the words ‘ hate ‘ and ‘ hatred ‘ are used so easily by some on the left when they describe other people’s behaviour or opinions, yet both are firmly lodged within them also, which they seem blithely unaware of.

Geoff Cox

1st November 2019 at 9:16 am

Hi Clare – I’m a bit late with this comment, but an anecdote …

I was standing on a UKIP street stall and a car drove by on the main road. The passenger window opened and a young woman with as much fury and hatred as she could muster shouted out “f***ing haters”. You couldn’t make it up!

Danny Rees

30th October 2019 at 1:57 pm

Things I got from this article:

.The left blame the far right for antisemitism and anti-Semitic violence when it’s not the far right but probably/most likely somebody else or another group.

.The synagogue shooting in Germany was perpetrated by a far right white nationalist but we should shout at social justice and identity politics types about it.

Rigggggggggggggggggggght gotcha!!!

Jerry Owen

30th October 2019 at 4:30 pm

Danny Rees
One anecdotal story …. and you think it demolishes this article , how terribly sad for you!

Major Bonkers

30th October 2019 at 1:13 pm

I wonder quite how much we actually need to bother about anti-semitism in this country.

Isn’t it more likely that the smashing of gravestones was the result of some stupid teenagers rather than a gang of latter day Brownshirts? There does not seem to be any evidence that the vandalism was motivated by anti-semitism.

In the same way, I have a friend who describes himself as ‘a proud Yiddo’ – he’s actually Greek Orthodox – because he supports Tottenham Hotspur football club. He might be a little non-PC, but no-one could describe him as an anti-semite.

Most people, when confronted by Ken Livingstone’s and Jeremy Corbyn’s semi-moronic received opinions, which they regurgitate without any intervening independent thought, are quite able to identify them for what they are and react accordingly.Their pronouncements on the subject of Israel and Judaism, it seems to me, identify them as stupid first and bigoted second.

Willie Penwright

30th October 2019 at 12:10 pm

“Of course, not all anti-Zionists are anti-Semites, but in recent times the line between the two has become blurred.” And therein lies the problem.
I would suggest that the line has been deliberately blurred by those with a vested interest in defending Israel’s expansion and ethnic cleansing of Palestinian territories. Israeli prime minister Nethanyahu and others have actually equated the two terms.
The despicable destruction of the Jewish gravestones is sinister but, as yet, is not part of a movement or trend of anti-Jewishness in Britain. Those who champion human rights and respect for all people need to be vigilant just in case some of the ultra-right organisations get traction in society.
The term anti-semitic has lost its meaning – like so many others – as it needs to be defined now every time it is used, but anti-Jewish sentiments need to be challenged and anti-Jewish acts need to be punished. I fear that much of the breast-beating, such as in the Labour Party or the BBC, will not help.
School trips to the camps need to be continued – as happens in schools where I have influence – and a new generation needs to see the result of Jew hatred in Europe and if schools won’t do it, other organisations might take it on.

Claire D

1st November 2019 at 6:50 am

I am not sure that visiting the camps is right for everybody. I was given Anne Frank’s Diary to read when I was eleven, that had a powerful effect on me which has lasted all my life.

In Negative

30th October 2019 at 11:46 am

“One of the most striking things about the new anti-Semitism is that the pushback against it has been very ineffective. For example, a lot of media attention has been paid to left-wing and Labour anti-Semitism in the UK, but little clear or successful action has been taken against it. One reason for this is because the critics of anti-Semitism are actually fighting against its older, past manifestations. In their myopic focus on far-right anti-Semitism, they are fighting the wars of the past and ignoring what is new and distinctive about anti-Semitism today. ”

Another reason is that many of the people making an issue of this do so because they dislike Corbyn. A great many of these people talking about this new anti-semitism don’t seem able to me to be able to tell the difference between the manipulation of signs for political gains and an objection to sincerely poisonous ideas. The use of the victim-image in politics is pretty ubiquitous – Zionists use the image of Jewish suffering to consolidate the position of Israel as blithely as Tories use it in their war against the Left; the Left use images of female or black suffering in order to gain their own moral authority. And in this battle of the signs, reality is mostly lost, masked, and obscured. You can barely tell where a principled analysis begins and the symbolic agenda ends: where a real concern for people distinguishes itself from screen-warfare. ‘Antisemitism’, ‘islamaphobia’, ‘racism’, ‘sexism’, ‘misogyny’ – are all instruments of symbolic warfare as much as they are designators of any real phenomenon. It may even be that their symbolic function is now more important than their relation to reality. Swamped in information combined with the amnesiac passage of time, none of these symbolic artefacts make any proper contact with their point of origin.

Claire D

31st October 2019 at 8:49 am

> In Negative,

that’s a good point and I agree with you. However, bearing in mind that there are only approximately 250,000 Jews in the UK, a relatively small minority, + recent history, I can understand and sympathise with the fear and uneasiness they must experience in the UK today. Despite your valid argument I think there is also a real worrying element of threat. The defacing of tombstones should not be dismissed as trivial.

George Orwell

30th October 2019 at 11:46 am

One problem is that Jews generally appear to be successful so that resentment also arises from cultural aspects involving envy as much as ethnicity or religion.
That even affects the views on Israel which in reality is a nation of previously persecuted and fearful individuals but because they have been successful at defending their nation state against overwhelming numbers for so long they have forfeited the usual sympathy allowed to persecuted minorities.
When being told about the suffering of the Palestinians we are never reminded how many Israelis were refugees from violence and persecution in the adjoining Arab nations after the initial formation of Israel as a bolthole for European holocaust survivors. In a fit of hatred the Arabs turned on their own centuries old Jewish communities and are now reaping what they sowed.
Ideally, there should be more tolerance shown by both sides but that is not going to happen as long as the Palestinian leadership gains political capital worldwide from continuing hatred of Israel.

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