Why teens should learn and earn

The death of the teenage Saturday job is bad news for us all.

Jason Smith

Topics Politics UK

‘Never ever’, a briefing report examining an increase in the number of people in the UK who have never worked, made headlines this month. Published by the Resolution Foundation, it highlighted the declining number of young adults with Saturday jobs. It showed that the employment rate of 16- to 17-year-olds has almost halved over the past two decades – from 48.1 per cent in 1997-99 to 25.4 per cent in 2017-19.

In truth, we don’t need a report to tell us that teenage employment has all but disappeared. Teens used to be visible working in newsagents, corner shops, cafes, restaurants, hairdressers and supermarkets. Now they are nowhere to be seen.

So, how did this happen?

It would be all too easy to blame work-shy Generation Snowflake, too busy on social media or gaming to be bothered with stacking shelves in a supermarket. But that is unfair. It is adult society that has changed, not young people. Each year, in my role as a career counsellor, I tell Year 8 students (13- to 14-year-olds) that they can now get a job and earn their own money. I find that no one has ever mentioned employment to them before. Neither their parents nor, if they have them, their older siblings, who also don’t work. Many of them assume you have to be 18 to be able to work.

In the past it was seen as perfectly natural for teenagers to work. Yet today, many adults, particularly those in officialdom, think the very idea is akin to ‘modern slavery’. They assume that anyone who employs a teen must have a dodgy hidden motive. Additionally, many middle-class parents further the decline of teen employment by urging their children to focus solely on the academic side of life. The pressure to get into a high-achieving sixth form and then on to a top university means that many teenagers spend time that could be spent earning a bit of cash being privately tutored or embroiled in revision timetables.

The decline of youth employment affects us all. It used to be possible (and desirable) because we, as a society, agreed that it was useful and necessary for teenagers to learn about work through getting a job. We trusted the local newsagent, grocer and hairdresser to introduce teens to the responsibilities of the adult world. As a result, intergenerational conversations took place on a daily basis within communities. Teens were visible behind shop counters, on market stalls and at your front door making deliveries. Without this visible contribution to society through work, these same teens have come to be viewed as gangs of unruly ne’er-do-wells in hoodies.

Teenagers miss out massively. The opportunity to develop a work ethic and become a productive part of society is hugely beneficial for a teenager. In the workplace, they have to be on time and dress correctly. If they miss a shift, they won’t get paid. The boss will call them out if they misbehave or are lazy. They are treated as an adult by customers and colleagues, and earn respect for doing a job well. They learn the joys of workplace banter and, more importantly, how to deal with it. They gain a certain degree of financial independence and the knock-on effects for confidence and maturity of outlook are significant.

Teens need a good academic education, but that alone is not enough. We should expect and demand more from and for them. The best place to learn about responsibility, self-respect and duty, and about standing on your own two feet, is in the workplace. We need to cultivate a new generation of robust, independent kids for a Britain that is trying to make its way in a new world.

Jason Smith is a careers counsellor in London.

Picture by: Getty

To enquire about republishing spiked’s content, a right to reply or to request a correction, please contact the managing editor, Viv Regan.


nick hunt

16th January 2020 at 1:24 pm

This is another example of how the state’s aim to protect creates what may be a more serious problem for the future (in this case inexperienced, irresponsible adults). When the state offers welfare and other freebies, it damages or even destroys our moral obligations to each other as citizens and compatriots. Social relations are corroded: The neighbour’s problem is the government’s, so we don’t need to love or help him. And vice versa. As a leftist do-gooder, I dutifully asnd naively hated Ronald Ray-Gun. Now I constantly recall his great wisdom: that the state is the problem, not the solution. Today I know why Trump thinks the same about communist regimes, and also the swamp.

Eric Praline

16th January 2020 at 11:01 am

Would everyone in the workplace have to be CRB checked these days?

Gareth Edward KING

16th January 2020 at 9:48 am

Safeguarding procedures have a lot to do with it. If you assume the worst of an adult’s intentions then it’s going to be very difficult for teens and adults to work together. When I was 16, I worked in a private school’s kitchen on a Saturday, a bar in a police station and on the 1981 population census, now that was hard.

Kate Hubbard

16th January 2020 at 8:19 am

I think the health and safety legislation has also changed. My daughter, then aged 15, worked in a deli for a while but there were so many things she wasn’t allowed to do, such as make coffees, use the slicing machines etc, it was quite complicated. I think in construction there are also quite strict rules. Maybe some employers just consider it too difficult to employ them but like the article says, I do recognise the “concentrate on your school work” argument amongst modern parents too.

Jane 70

16th January 2020 at 8:36 am

I think you’re quite correct in that health and safety concerns: my local hair stylist has explained on several occasions the various standards and criteria which she has to abide by.

Jane 70

16th January 2020 at 8:37 am

Should read ‘ in that health and safety concerns are now stringent: ‘. No edit option

Jane 70

16th January 2020 at 5:25 am

Many years ago I got my first Saturday job at the age of fifteen, and the following year I added a daily morning paper round.
Admittedly, my father could no longer afford to provide pocket money, but most people I knew back then had Saturday/ weekend jobs.

Leave a comment

You must be logged in to comment. Log in or Register now.