The first step: admit drinking is normal
Yes, we need a better drinking culture: one where alcohol consumption is not seen as a social problem.
The most shocking thing about the shocking figures released this month about how much Scots drink was how unshocking they are. ‘Scots “drink 46 bottles of vodka”‘, BBC News announced, the omission of a time frame giving the headline an added touch of surrealism – had this been the most sober Saturday night in the history of Scotland? And why vodka? Had they run out of whisky the night before?
In fact, the figure referred to annual consumption of all drink by Scottish adults, calculated from sales data by NHS Scotland, the pure alcohol content translated into vodka for simplicity’s sake. Or to put it another way, translated into vodka to abstract from the cultural significance of particular drinks, and the conviviality and pleasure associated with them, to give the impression of Scots standing on street corners downing the nearest thing you can get to pure alcohol, like desperate Russians at the nadir of Stalinism (which is not to do down vodka, a perfectly nice drink if you chill it and drink rather less than a bottle at a time).
What’s really odd is that if it were a case of all adults drinking this much – less than a bottle of spirits a week, or 10 pints of beer, or a little over two bottles of wine – there wouldn’t be a problem. Arbitrary and absurd official recommendations notwithstanding, that is a perfectly normal and reasonable amount to drink. Presumably a lot of people barely drink at all, and it’s the ones who make up the average for them by putting away a bottle a day who have health problems. But the fact that we’re supposed to be shocked by a figure like this indicates a childish moralism around the issue, in an unholy alliance with soundbite science. I wonder if this is what it was like back when public sexual morality was hopelessly at odds with lived experience, dooming people to hypocrisy or miserable repression and guilt. Only this time the tide is going the other way, bringing more hypocrisy and guilt on a wave of scientism.
What we’re seeing now is essentially a denormalisation of drink. Another striking example of this is the trend for supermarkets to ask obvious adults for proof of age when buying alcohol. Posters announce ‘Think 25’ or even ‘Think 35’, indicating that anyone who looks younger will be asked for ID to show they are over 18. The logic is that we should get used to showing ID regardless of how old we are, as a kind of ritual of submission, an admission that there is something a bit sordid about the whole business of buying booze, rather like the old convention whereby newsagents kept pornography ‘behind the counter’, so perverts would have to ask for it and know what perverts they were. In parts of the USA, adults are regularly ID’d in bars, perhaps a puritanical legacy of Prohibition, but the always-pleasant American service culture takes the sting off somewhat. In British supermarkets, the effect is more stark, more like the quasi-militarism of airport security.
Supermarket bosses clearly imagine a strict attitude to alcohol sales can only do them good, putting them on the right side of moralising government and showing customers how ‘responsible’ they are. This might be true, but only as long as people are willing to go along with the demonisation of drink. If we begin to object, we might find plenty of supermarket customers would prefer not to be treated as naughty teenagers. (The Manifesto Club is conducting a survey into people’s experience of ID checks. Read it here.)
Supermarket bosses perhaps also think that if they take a tough line on ID’ing customers the government will be less likely to introduce minimum pricing, preventing them from using cheap booze as a lure for ID-wielding customers. In fact, the more they succeed in denormalising drink, the more likely it is that such measures will be introduced, with Scotland most likely to be first.
Proposals to introduce minimum pricing give the lie to the idea that health and government officials are interested in ‘responsible drinking’. There is nothing responsible about limiting your drinking according to your budget. ‘How many units can I get for a fiver?’ is not a question a cultured drinker asks, and yet this is precisely the mentality being encouraged by today’s scientistic crusade against booze. In a healthy drinking culture, we drink as much as we like, and ‘too much’ is defined not by our wallets but by our experience and the demands of our non-drinking lives. A unit-counting, penny-pinching drink culture would make alcoholics of us all. (For more on drinking culture, see Choosing life, by Dolan Cummings in Culture Wars.)
No doubt many people do drink unhealthy amounts, particularly in Scotland and run-down working class areas across Britain. But the problem is not drink as such, nor even a broader ‘drinking culture’, but rather the hopelessness and lack of control over circumstances that drives people to drink destructively -even if they don’t live in sink estates.
Leon Trotsky wrote after the Russian Revolution that the Tsarist regime’s prohibition of the sale of vodka during the First World War had been given its historic significance only with the conquest of power by the working class in the revolution itself. It wasn’t prohibition that saved people from alcoholic desperation, but their participation in reshaping their society, and the possibility of living full lives. And of course it wasn’t vodka that subsequently destroyed that possibility, but it was the slow and painful failure of the revolution that drove people back to drink.
Today’s moralism about drink does not offer salvation, but instead needless guilt and shabby authoritarianism. It is precisely because they have no inspiring vision for society that politicians turn their sights on our drinking habits. But we should not allow deeper social problems to be viewed through the prism of drink, and we should certainly not allow an aspect of life that for most of us means pleasure and conviviality to be transformed into a social problem in its own right. Drinking is nothing to be ashamed of, and we should stop pretending we think it is.
Dolan Cummings is a founding member of the Manifesto Club.
Previously on spiked
Mick Hume looked at the recent crack down on drinkers. Tim Black criticisedScottish plans to eradicate cheap booze. Neil Davenport noted how Britain is undergoing prohibition by stealth. Dr Michael Fitzpatrick urged doctors to refuse to become the high priests of the new anti-boozing temperance movement. Josie Appleton argued against all booze bans. Brendan O’Neill thought the debate about binge drinking was a licence to bash the masses. Or read more at spiked issue Drink and drugs.
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